Linus isn't the father of Linux? FUD!
C-Net reports on the Alexis de Tocqueville report that claims that Linux had help writing the original linux kernel:
According to the study, it's safe to argue that Tanenbaum, who had years of OS experience and who had seen the Unix source code, could create Minix in three years. "However, it is highly questionable that Linus, still just a student, with virtually no operating systems development experience, could do the same, especially in one-sixth of the time," says the study, which was written by Ken Brown, president of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution.
Mind you, that when Linux was first released, it was not a full fledged distribution but a kernel that barely ran -- you needed *just* the right hardware to be able to run Linux. What Linus did was entirely plausible for one person to do -- it wasn't that much. Compare that to what Gordon Letwin did for OS/2: He has been credited with writing most of OS/2 core by himself. Gordon had lots of operating system experience and wrote a large chunk of a modern operating system. Linus, with less experience did far less when he first released Linux, but what he did do, was well within the realm of possibility.
Ironically enough, Andrew Tannenbaum, the author of Minix, and Linus got into heated debates about monolithic kernel architectures back in the early 90s. And now Tannenbaum is standing up for Linus, defening him from the inaccuracies of Ken Brown, President of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution. Andy writes:
Andrew Tannenbaum writes about a visit from Ken Braun, the head of Alexis de Tocqueville coming to interview him:
He was extremely evasive about why he was there and who was funding him. He just kept saying he was just writing
a book about the history of UNIX. I asked him what he thought of Peter Salus' book, A Quarter Century of UNIX. He'd never heard of it! I mean, if you are writing a book on the
history of UNIX and flying 3000 miles to interview some guy about the subject, wouldn't it make sense to at least
go to amazon.com and type "history unix" in the search box, in which case Salus' book is the first hit? For $28
(and free shipping if you play your cards right) you could learn an awful lot about the material and not get any
jet lag. As I soon learned, Brown is not the sharpest knife in the drawer, but I was already suspicious. As a
long-time author, I know it makes sense to at least be aware of what the competition is. He didn't bother.
Before he gets into any of the details, Ken Brown is discredited. Anyone who won't reveal their sources of funding is suspect. eWeek reports that Microsoft has funded the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution before:
Microsoft in the past has supplied funding for the institution, which has published anti-open-source papers. In an eWEEK.com interview, senior fellow Gregory Fossedal refused to say who, if anyone, is sponsoring the institution's Linux project. "We don't discuss our funding," he said.
Posted by Mayhem at May 20, 2004 11:36 AM
I updated a number of pages on Disinfopedia wiki website to document the culpability of Alexis de SMOKEville's sordid history as a tobacco industry shill. These are some of the new or revised pages, followed by some quotations that search engines will draw upon for results pages. If you post these links in your blogs, you can be pretty sure that every search engine will rank the tobacco connection higher than the FUD pages they post. Over 80% of Americans have quit or never started smoking, so the fans of tobacco shills are always a minority.
S. Fred Singer
"The "de SMOKEville" junk-science that Singer attached his name to was crowded by hired guns wearing lab coats to continue the decades-long disinformation campaign: Academic Advisory Board -- Dr. Nancy Bord, Hoover Institution; Michael Darby, John M. Olin Center for Policy; Michael Gough, Congressional Office of Technology Assessment; Thomas Gale Moore, Hoover Institution; S. Fred Singer, President Science and Environmental Policy Project; Robert D. Tollison, George Mason University, Richard Wagner, George Mason University.  I suppose these include the "seven out of ten doctors who prefer Chesterfields" from the ads of yesteryear."
The same John M. Olin Foundation funds John M. Olin Center for Policy as funds Alexis de Tocqueville Institution. Olin, Scaife and Koch foundations fund the entire list above, apart from the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment which is funded through campaign contributions instead of foundations. Singer, Tollison and Wagner were all from the George Mason University, favorite charities of right-wing donors and energy billionaires Koch and Scaife."
Search for Robert D. Tollison
32523 document(s) match your query for Robert D. Tollison .
32,523 mentions in the Tobacco Institute files ordered online in a court settlement. That's pretty good, but no cigar...
Search for S. Fred Singer
49778 document(s) match your query for S. Fred Singer
Even though Robert D. Tollison wrote the book on how good for you second-hand smoke is, S. Fred Singer has won the race for covert cash from the disinformation lung polluters of tobacco AND oil companies. Singer helped write the OTHER book that Tollison was only "technical advisor" on, published by Alexis de SMOKEville Institution, er, Alexis de Tocqueville Institution.
In 1994 Cesar Conda was executive director of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution listed as "Senior Staff and Contributing Associates" on a Lorillard Tobacco Company paid-for publication titled "Science, Economics, and Environmental Policy" by author Kent Jeffreys.  Principal Reviewer was listed as S. Fred Singer, and to give this propagandistic tract a sheen of scientific appearance, a loaded gang of "experts" from assorted tobacco-funded front organizations with impressive names was listed: SEPP, Hoover Institution, John M. Olin Center for Policy, George Mason University.
As Executive Director of Alexis de Tocqueville Institution, Conda had more than a casual association with the production of this deception piece. SEPP was certainly known to him, as an article the same year in Commonsense (Fall 1994) "The New Populism: The Rise of the Property Rights Movement," article by Cesar Conda and Mark LaRochelle, mentions SEPP.  Kent Jeffreys bonafides would also be known to him. Jeffreys at the time was listed as environmental studies director  for Competitive Enterprise Institute , an organization with close ties to Alexis de Tocqueville.
Continuing the AdTI expose -- here's more
Alexis de Tocqueville Institution -- The George Mason University connection -- There was NOTHING "academic" or "scientific" in the tobacco-EPA reports put out by AdTI. They were political and selfish-interest (profit first! above integrity) motivated and crafted deceitfully. Greed is behind the slams on Linux and Open Source, delivering a gullible public into the Microsoft monopoly clutches, and leaving them No Free Choice alternatives. It is monopolistic predatory practices at it's historic worst.
* http://www. digital-law.net/IJCLP/6_2001/authors/brown.html -- Kenneth Brown is the President of the Alexis de Tocqueville Institution ... has a B.A. in English Literature from George Mason University.
* http://gazette.gmu.e du/articles/index.php?id=4667
* http://www.icasit.org/ecommerce/taxation.html -- ICASIT, The School of Public Policy, George Mason University
* http://reason.com/9704/ci .bd.death.shtml -- Christopher Cox was pushing legislation to repeal the estate tax ... Richard Wagner, chairman of George Mason University's economics department, estimated that estate taxes
S. Fred Singer
* http://www.sepp.org/bi os/singer/biosfs.html -- distinguished research professor at George Mason University
* http://www.sepp.org/bio s/singer/cvsfs.html -- Institute for Humane Studies, at George Mason University 1994-
* http://www.atlasusa.org/highlight_archive/1995/H1995-02-Environment.html -- In January 1995, the Science & Environmental Policy Project moved to Fairfax, joining Atlas, the Institute for Humane Studies, The Locke Institute, and the Center for Market Processes at "4084 University Drive" near George Mason University. Atlas provided a grant to IPPS to facilitate the move and help fund the organization during its first year in Fairfax.
http://econ1.csun.ed u/Economics/FacultyPhotos.htm -- 1987 Ph.D. George Mason University
* http://www.gmu.edu/centers/publicchoice/alumni.html -- Center Alumni, 1986, Gary Anderson
Gordon L. Brady
* http://www.iaes.org/jour nal/aej/march_03/ -- George Mason University
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/info_on_any_recipien t.php?413 -- Fellowship Research Grant, Gordon L. Brady, Center for the Study of Public Choice, Earhart Foundation
* http://www.law.gmu.edu/faculty/parttime.html -- Faculty Directory: Part Time Faculty (same one?)
* http://www.cob.rit.ed u/directory/bio.html?eid=50 -- Dean of the College of Business at Rochester Institute of Technology, member of the Advisory Board, Mercatus Center Regulatory Studies Program, George Mason University.
Dwight R. Lee
* http://www.terry.uga.edu/~ dlee/bio.html -- has had full time tenured faculty appointments at the University of Colorado, Virginia Tech University, George Mason University, and the University of Georgia where he has been the Ramsey Professor of Economics and Private Enterprise since 1985.
Robert D. Tollison
* http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/economics/btollison/biography.html -- is the Robert M. Hearin Professor of Economics in the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Mississippi ... has served on the faculties at ... George Mason University, ... as Director of the Center for Study of Public Choice at George Mason (1984-1998). He also held endowed chair at ... George Mason Universit[y].
* http://w ww.gmu.edu/departments/economics/facultybios/wagn.htm -- Hobart R. Harris Professor of Economics, is the Graduate Director of the Economics Department, joined the faculty of George Mason University in 1988, after having held positions ... Auburn University.
* http://www.indep endent.org/tii/tii_info/advisors.html -- Board of Advisors, Independent Institute
* http://www.limitedgovernm ent.org/wagner.html -- is the Holbert R. Harris Professor of Economics at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia where he has taught since 1988.
Richard Vedder (Other, not GMU)
* http://www.limitedgovernm ent.org/vedder.html -- National Academic Advisory Board (with Wagner).
Mark Thornton (Other, not GMU)
* http://www.mises.org/faculty.asp -- Senior Faculty, Mises Institute, firstname.lastname@example.org
Malcolm Ross (SEPP, not GMU)
http://www.gswweb.org/mi nutes/GSW1995.htm -- Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
* http://www.consumeralert.o rg/info/staff.htm -- Advisory Council, Consumer Alert
Gerhard Stohrer (SEPP, not GMU)
* http://www.sepp.org/artcomm/ 1994.html -- July, in Chemical & Engineering News (7/18/94) "A pause on environmental policy," letter to the editor by Dr. Gerhard Stohrer and Dr. Frederick Seitz, mentions SEPP.
The Web behind the people behind AdTI's phoney tobacco whitecoats reports:
Organizations sharing the Institute of Humane Studies address (4084 University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax, VA)
* http://www.wrlc.org/gmason.htm -- Institute for Humane Studies, 4084 University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax, VA 22030, (703) 934-6920
* http://www.atlasusa.org/highlight_archive/1995/H1995-02-Environment.html -- SEPP/Science & Environmental Policy Project
* http://www.atlasusa.org/directory/institute_profile.php?ref er=directory&org_id=101 -- Atlas Economic Research Foundation, 4084 University Drive, Suite 103, Fairfax, VA 22030, (703) 934-6969
* http://publi cchoice.info/TullockTales/LibertyFundConf.pdf -- The Locke Institute, 4084 University Drive., Suite 103, Fairfax, VA 22030, 703-934-6934 Fax: 703-934-6927
* http://www.free- 4u.com/koch_summer_fellow_program.htm -- Koch Summer Fellow Program, 4084 University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax VA 22030-6812, 703/934-6920 or 800/697-8799, FAX: 703/352-7535
The Moneybags behind the people behind AdTI's phoney tobacco whitecoats reports
Koch Industries (and Scaife) connections to Institute for Humane Studies and George Mason University
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/displ ay_recipients_by_charles_koch_total.htm -- 1) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $14,048,850, 7) George Mason University $1,042,605, 11) Institute for Humane Studies $534,000, 14) Mercatus Center $400,000, 33) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $40,000, 52) John Locke Foundation $17,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display _recipients_by_david_koch_total.htm -- 7) Institute for Humane Studies $2,100,000, 10) George Mason University $1,400,000, 25) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $350,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display_reci pients_by_lambe_total.htm -- (KOCH) 3) George Mason University $2,311,149, 4) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $2,074,893, 12) Institute for Humane Studies $455,000, 43) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $28,500, 52) John Locke Foundation $15,000, 54) Alexis de Tocqueville Institution $12,500.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/displ ay_recipients_by_sarah_scaife_total.htm -- 20) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $2,670,000, 41) George Mason University $1,656,000, 70) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $920,000, 96) Institute for Humane Studies $520,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display_r ecipients_by_carthage_total.htm -- (SCAIFE) 14) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $855,000, 38) Institute for Humane Studies $430,000, 116) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $75,000.
* http://www.theihs.org/ people.php/75934.html -- John Hasnas is an associate professor of law at George Mason University ... Between 1997 and 1999, Professor Hasnas served as assistant general counsel to Koch Industries, Inc. in Wichita, Kansas.
* http://www.theihs.org/ pdf/materials/502.pdf
* http://www.kochind .com/newsroom/bio_detail.asp?ID=1 -- Charles G. Koch, chairman of the Institute for Humane Studies, the Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation and the Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation, on the board of the Mercatus Center at George Mason University, and as a member of the Mont Pelerin Society.
* h ttp://www.philanthropyroundtable.org/magazines/1999-07/staffingup.html -- The Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation has announced that Wayne Gable is the foundationís new president. Currently the managing director for federal affairs at Koch Industries, Mr. Gable has also worked as the president of the Center for Market Processes, Tax Foundation, and Citizens for a Sound Economy. In addition, the foundationís vice president, Victoria Hughes, will be leaving to establish the Bill of Rights Institute, a nonprofit organization that will focus on educating high school students and teachers. Joining the foundation as vice president will be Kelly Young. Mr. Young has worked at the Koch Foundation and is currently assistant dean for special projects at George Mason University School of Law.
* http://bov.gmu.edu/fink.html -- Richard Fink of Centreville is executive vice president and a member of the board of directors of Koch Industries, Inc., in Washington, D.C. A member of George Mason's economics faculty from 1980 to 1986, he was founder and director of the Center for Market Processes (now part of the Mercatus Center). He also served as executive vice president for advancement and planning at George Mason in 1989-90. On the Board of Visitors, Fink is Vice Chair of the Faculty and Academic Standards Committee and serves on the Student Affairs Committee. Founder and former president of Citizens for a Sound Economy in Washington, D.C., Fink is a trustee and former president of the Charles G. Koch and Claude R. Lambe charitable foundations, and serves on a number of boards, including the George Mason University Foundation, the Progressive Policy Institute, the Institute for Humane Studies, and George Mason's Center for Study of Public Choice.
* http://www.mercat us.org/people.php/143.html?menuid=1 -- Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Richard Fink
* http://www.iwf.org/ab out_iwf/pfotenhauer.asp -- Independent Women's Forum President, Nancy Mitchell Pfotenhauer joined IWF in 2001 from Koch Industries, where she was director of the Washington Office. ... holds a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Georgia and a Masters of Arts degree in economics from George Mason University.
* http://tobaccodocu ments.org/pm/2025528294-8299.html -- (1991 estimated date) Candace Crandall Executive Vice President of the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP). SEPP will co-sponsor a conference with George Mason University in May on scientific integrity in the political process. Crandall has arranged for a number of prominent scientists to be participants, including Dr. Bernard Davis of Harvard University and Sir William Mitchell of Oxford University. Crandall is Dr. Fred Singer's wife.